'The Gap' is the dip in the sandstone cliffs below which extends a wavecut shelf. It is located at South Head adjacent to Watsons Bay. Since the beginning of European settlement, The Gap has been a major destination for tourists, for whom it provided easy access to ocean views. Readily accessible by ferry and bus, The Gap was the terminal point of the tram route to Watsons Bay from 1909 to 1960, since when the tram track has remained as a footpath.
Adjacent to the Gap, Gap Park is a public recreation area established in 1887, although there were initially inhabited cottages within the park. The maintenance of the park for the safety and pleasure of visitors and residents was a recurrent cause of concern for the Vaucluse Council (1895-1948) and its predecessor and successor Woollahra Council. Expenses ranged from maintaining visitor facilities to creating fencing with a visitor turnstile in 1900 to prevent cattle entering the area. Photographs of the 'park' in the early 20th century show it denuded of vegetation but modern management has restored a mixed heath land vegetation, together with some non-local additions of Queensland rainforest flora and Norfolk pines.
At different times the nearby facilities for visitors have included a 'Gap Hotel' (ca 1858-1909) or a 'Gap Tavern' (1961-1997). A camera obscura established by Captain C A Colonna in its own octagonal building operated from the end 19th century until it was closed on grounds of military security in 1914.
The Gap also has a long heritage as a suicide spot for Sydney, given the easy access combined with the flat wavecut ledge, and its dramatic location at the extreme edge of the city. A suicide is reported as early as 1863: that of Anne Harrison. She had lived at the Gap Hotel where her husband was licensee in the earlier 1860s. While there her visiting young nephew accidentally fell to his death over The Gap. She seems to have developed depression and after they had moved back to the other side of the city, she took a cab in the middle of the night back to the Gap Hotel, from where she walked to take her own life. There are numerous accounts of suicides at The Gap or the adjacent cliffs since then, but also numerous accidental deaths from walking on the cliff top – recorded since 1868 - or from fisherman and others climbing down to the rocks below. It thus became a location at which someone wishing to disappear might pretend a suicide or accident, and has been involved in possible murder faked as suicide. Unrecorded are the numerous rescues by police, residents and visitors of those having accidents or attempting suicides.
A plaque near the Gap records the services of a German shepherd called Rexie who belonged to John Nagy the owner of the Gap Tavern in the 1960s. She sensed potential suicides and would bark and run to draw attention to them, and is claimed to have saved over 30 lives.
Although the anchor of the Dunbar is displayed at The Gap, its wreck took place further south.
Running north between The Gap and HMAS Watson is Gap Bluff, which became part of the Sydney Harbour National Park in 1982. The School of Artillery/Gunnery was relocated here from Middle Head in 1894-5, both for training and for practice. The buildings used for training were extended in the late 1930s but the practice battery was made non-operational in 1938. After the outbreak of World War II, the training centre moved back to Middle Head in 1941 and the buildings were used for other military purposes. The Navy's Radar Communications Centre had extensive buildings at Gap Bluff, and national servicemen were accommodated on the site. After military use ceased the site was handed over to National Parks in 1982. Surviving buildings include the former Officers' Mess and Armoury.
Published with thanks to the Dictionary of Sydney